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Nutrition Evidence Summaries and Reviews
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Nutrition Evidence Summaries and Reviews

Key takeaways

  • A collection of the evidence-based summaries and reviews that have been used to develop the Heart Foundation’s nutrition position statements 
  • These reviews cover dietary evidence in relation to dietary patterns, eggs, dairy, animal proteins, seafood, fats, plant sterols and phytosterols and electrolytes. 

Evidence summaries and reviews 

Our evidence summaries and reviews contain the current knowledge used to develop the Heart Foundation’s position statements and recommendations on food and nutrition.

This systematic review forms the basis for the Heart Foundation’s position on food and nutrition as outlined in our position statement Heart Healthy Eating Patterns.


Dietary Patterns and Cardiovascular Disease OutcomesThis systematic review forms the basis for the Heart Foundation’s position on food and nutrition as outlined in our position statement Heart Healthy Eating Patterns.

Eggs & Cardiovascular Health  This Summary of Evidence presents the contemporary evidence relating to eggs and heart health. It was used as the basis for the Heart Foundation’s position statement Eggs & Heart Healthy Eating.
Dairy & Cardiovascular HealthThe evidence contained in this resource is the basis for our position statement Dairy & Heart Healthy Eating.
Animal sourced protein (meat and poultry) and heart health (2019)This evidence on the relationship between animal-sourced protein (meat and poultry) and heart health was used to develop our position statement Meat & Heart Healthy Eating.
Dietary fats and cardiovascular diseaseWe commissioned this evidence check to review the most recent evidence on dietary fats and cardiovascular health. The findings were used to develop our position statement Dietary Fat & Heart Healthy Eating.

Levels of trans fats in the food supply and consumption in Australia: an Expert Commentary brokered by the Sax Institute for the National Heart Foundation of Australia (2015) 

This systematic review and commentary provides evidence on trans-fat and its presence in the Australian food supply. The findings helped us to develop our position statement Dietary Fat & Heart Healthy Eating.

Fish, fish oils, n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and cardiovascular health (2008) 

This detailed review paper was developed after an extensive review and consultation process. It examines the evidence around fish, fish oils, n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and cardiovascular health, and was used as the basis for our position statement on Fish & Seafood.



Indications for omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease  evidence on fish, fish oils, n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and cardiovascular health (2015)This article, published in the Journal of Heart Lung Circulation by the authors of the review into fish and fish oils and cardiovascular health, was written alongside  for the development of our position statement Fish &Seafood.
Phytosterol/stanol enriched foods (updated 2017)This summary of evidence looks at the role of phytosterol and stanol enriched foods in lowering cholesterol. It was used as the basis for our position statement on Phytosterol/stanol enriched foods.
Dietary electrolytes and cardiovascular disease (2006) After conducting this evidence review of dietary electrolytes and cardiovascular disease, we updated our position on dietary sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium levels and their effect on reducing blood pressure levels in patients with hypertension.
AlcoholThis summary of evidence looks at the role of alcohol consumption and Cardiovascular Health. It was used as the basis for our position statement on alcohol.

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